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潤滑油進了一點水還能用嗎?

來源:www.jmrksa.icu 編輯者:康鵬華彩新能源 發布日期:[2017-07-04 17:08] 瀏覽:|

  隨著經濟的不斷發展,行業中對潤滑油的實際需求量不斷增加,并且其性能作用是非常突出的。在實際的應用中發揮著非常重要的作用,那么,如果潤滑油不小心進了一點水還能用嗎?潤滑油中含的水分超過標準值,容易降低潤滑油的潤滑性能。當油含水量嚴重時甚至會導致油液報廢,造成嚴重的停機故障,損害機械設備。下面就來聽聽潤滑油廠家詳細的介紹。

  With the continuous development of the economy, the actual demand for lubricants in the industry is increasing, and its performance is very prominent. In actual applications play a very important role, then, if the lubricant accidentally into a little water can still use it? The water content of lubricating oil exceeds the standard value, it is easy to reduce the lubricating properties of lubricating oil. When the water content of oil is serious, even lead to oil waste, causing serious downtime, damage to machinery and equipment. Here to listen to lubricants manufacturers detailed introduction.

  1、降低潤滑能力。潤滑油生產廠家講,潤滑油中基礎油的變質和添加劑的失效降低了油膜的厚度和剛度,進而降低油膜的承載能力。水分受到高溫、高壓作用時,容易導致小氣泡形成并破裂,造成氣蝕磨損,使油的潤滑性能下降。

  1, reduce lubrication capacity. Lubricating oil manufacturers say that the deterioration of base oil in lubricating oil and the failure of additives reduce the thickness and stiffness of the oil film, and thus reduce the load-carrying capacity of the oil film. When water is subjected to high temperature and high pressure, it will lead to the formation and rupture of small bubbles, which will cause cavitation erosion and wear down.

  2、造成設備磨損腐蝕和銹蝕。潤滑油中的水與空氣共同作用于鋼鐵部件,很容易發生電化學腐蝕反應, 使部件銹蝕。潤滑油添加劑中的某些元素與油中的水結合,產生酸蝕作用,會使油系統的部件腐蝕和銹斑。

  2, resulting in equipment wear, corrosion and corrosion. Water and air in lubricating oil act on iron and steel parts together, and it is easy to cause electrochemical corrosion. Some elements of lubricating oil additives and oil in water with acid inhibition, makes the oil system component corrosion and rust.

  3、促進生成油泥。水分還能與潤滑油中的雜質如鐵屑發生反應生成鐵皂,鐵皂與油中較大的顆粒如膠質形成油泥。這些油泥聚集在油路系統造成摩擦表面供油不足,加快了機件的磨損,降低了機械的使用壽命。

  3, to promote the formation of sludge. Moisture can also react with impurities in the lubricant, such as iron filings, to produce iron soaps. Iron soaps and larger particles in the oil, such as gum, form oil sludge. These sludge accumulation in the oil system, resulting in friction surface insufficient oil supply, speed up the wear of parts, reducing the service life of the machine.

  4、降低潤滑油品質。潤滑油的組分主要有基礎油和各種添加劑。潤滑油中的水分會促進基礎油氧化變質產生乳化現象。潤滑油中的添加劑一般為有機化合物,清凈分散劑、 抗磨劑、防腐劑等都是表面活性劑,容易形成膠束狀態,從而造成添加劑失效。

  4, reduce the quality of lubricating oil. The composition of lubricating oil mainly consists of base oil and various additives. The water in the lubricating oil will promote the oxidation of base oil and cause emulsification. Additives in lubricating oils are usually organic compounds, such as detergent, dispersant, antiwear agent, preservative and so on. They are surface active agents and easy to form micelle state, which leads to the failure of additives.

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文章標題:潤滑油進了一點水還能用嗎?

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